blackmail, n.

1. A threatening demand made without justification; EXTORTION. Cf. FEEMAIL; GRAYMAIL; GREENMAIL(1), (2). [Cases: Extortion and Threats 25.

1. C.J.S. Threats and Unlawful Communications ¡ì¡ì 2¨C20.] ¡ª blackmail, vb.

¡°[Blackmail is] a certain rate of Money, Corn, Cattle, or other consideration, paid to some inhabiting upon, or near the borders, being persons of name and power, allied with … known Robbers … to be thereby by them freed and protected from the danger of those Spoil-takers.¡± Thomas Blount, Nomo-Lexicon: A Law-Dictionary (1670).

¡° ¡®Black-mail¡¯ (black rent) was anciently used to indicate ¡®rents reserved in work, grain or baser money¡¯ (i.e. baser than silver). It was also employed at one time to refer to ¡®a tribute formerly exacted in the north of England and in Scotland by freebooting chiefs for protection from pillage.¡¯ [Quoting American College Dictionary (1948).] Such practice was extortion, in the literal sense, and hence ¡®blackmail¡¯ is frequently used to indicate statutory extortion or sometimes an extorsive threat. And the federal statute forbidding the sending of an extorsive threat by mail has been referred to as the ¡®blackmail statute.¡¯ ¡± Rollin M. Perkins & Ronald N. Boyce, Criminal Law 451 (3d ed. 1982).

What is the legal translation of BLACKMAIL in Chinese?
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