Month: June 2020

NATIONAL ORIGIN

NATIONAL ORIGIN national origin. The country in which a person was born, or from which the person’s ancestors came. • This term is used in several antidiscrimination statutes, including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination because of an individual’s “race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” 42 USCA § …

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FLYMA

FLYMA flyma. See FLEME. Relevant Terms subsurety: subsurety (s[schwa]b-shuur[-[schwa]]-tee). A person whose undertaking is given as additional security, usu. conditioned not only on nonperformance by the principal but also on no[…] subsuretyship: subsuretyship (s[schwa]b-shuur[-[schwa]]-tee-ship). The relation between two (or more) sureties, in which a principal surety bears the burden of the whole performance that is …

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DETRIMENT

DETRIMENT detriment. 1. Any loss or harm suffered by a person or property. 2. Contracts. The relinquishment of some legal right that a promisee would have otherwise been entitled to exercise. — Also termed legal detriment. Cf. BENEFIT(2). “A promise or an act may be a detriment although on balance the promisor is making a …

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NATIONAL PARK

NATIONAL PARK national park. A scenic, natural, historic, and recreational area owned by the United States and set aside for permanent protection. • Yellowstone National Park was declared the first national park in 1872. See 16 USCA § 1a-1. Relevant Terms fine: fine, n. 1. An amicable final agreement or compromise of a fictitious or …

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SECUNDUM

SECUNDUM secundum (si-k[schwa]n-d[schwa]m), adj. [Latin] Roman law. According to; in favor of, as in secundum actorem (“in favor of the plaintiff”). Relevant Terms unauthorized-signature: A signature made without actual, implied, or apparent authority. • It includes a forgery. UCC § 1-201(b)(41). [Cases: Banks and Banking 147; Bills and Notes 54, 279. Banks and […] unavailability: …

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SOLEMN WAR

SOLEMN WAR solemn war. See WAR. Relevant Terms step-transaction-doctrine: step-transaction doctrine. A method used by the Internal Revenue Service to determine tax liability by viewing the transaction as a whole, and disregarding one or more nonsubstan[…] sterilization: sterilization. 1. The act of making (a person or other living thing) permanently unable to reproduce. 2. The …

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AUSTRALIAN BALLOT

AUSTRALIAN BALLOT Australian ballot. See BALLOT(4). Relevant Terms juvenile-justice-and-delinquency-prevention-act: Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. A federal statute that provides funding, assistance, training, and support to state-operated juvenile-justice programs, initiativ[…] juvenile-officer: A juvenile-court employee, sometimes a social worker or probation officer, who works with the judge to direct and develop the court’s child-welfare work. — …

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looseleaf service

looseleaf service A type of lawbook having pages that are periodically replaced with updated pages, designed to cope with constant change and increasing bulk. Relevant Terms delivered-ex-quay: delivered ex quay. A mercantile-contract term allocating the rights and duties of the buyer and the seller of goods with respect to delivery, payment, and risk of loss, …

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TRUE DEFENSE

TRUE DEFENSE true defense. See DEFENSE(1). Relevant Terms praemium-emancipationis: praemium emancipationis (pree-mee-[schwa]m i-man-s[schwa]-pay-shee-oh-nis). [Latin “reward for emancipation”] Roman law. A compensation allowed by Constantine to a father on the […] praemium-pudicitiae: praemium pudicitiae (pree-mee-[schwa]m pyoo-d[schwa]-sish-ee-ee. [Latin “the price of chastity”] Hist. Compensation paid by a man who seduced a chaste woman. — Also written premi[…] …

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MEDIATOR

MEDIATOR mediator (mee-dee-ay-t[schwa]r), n. A neutral person who tries to help disputing parties reach an agreement. Cf. ARBITRATOR. Relevant Terms hostage: hostage. 1. An innocent person held captive by another who threatens to kill or harm that person if one or more demands are not met. • Hostage-taking is a federal crime. 18 USC[…] hosteler: …

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