WORDS OF LIMITATION

WORDS OF LIMITATION

words of limitation. Language in a conveying instrument ¡ª often nonliteral language ¡ª describing the extent or quality of an estate. ? For example, under long-standing principles of property law, the phrase ¡°to A and her heirs¡± creates a fee simple in A but gives nothing to A’s heirs. See LIMITATION(4). [Cases: Deeds 120¨C136; Wills 591, 597(4).C.J.S. Deeds ¡ì¡ì 36, 231¨C236, 245¨C268, 270¨C278; Wills ¡ì 1193.]

¡° ¡®Words of limitation¡¯ is the phrase used to describe the words which limit (i.e., delimit or mark out) the estate to be taken. Thus in a conveyance today ¡®to A in fee simple,¡¯ the words ¡®in fee simple¡¯ are words of limitation, for they show what estate A is to have.¡± Robert E. Megarry & M.P. Thompson, A Manual of the Law of Real Property 29 (6th ed. 1993).


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Carl, Chinese legal translator, specializes in translating legal documents pertaining to complex business disputes.