1. The transfer or moving of a person or thing from one location, position, or residence to another.
2. The transfer of an action from state to federal court. ? In removing a case to federal court, a litigant must timely file the removal papers and must show a valid basis for federal-court jurisdiction. 28 USCA ¡ì 1441. Cf. REMAND(1). [Cases: Removal of Cases 16. C.J.S. Removal of Causes ¡ì 2.] ¡ª remove, vb.
civil-rights removal. Removal of a case from state to federal court for any of these reasons: (1) because a person has been denied or cannot enforce a civil right in the state court, (2) because a person is being sued for performing an act under color of authority derived from a law providing for equal rights, or (3) because a person is being sued for refusing to perform an act that would be inconsistent with equal rights. [Cases: Removal of Cases 70. C.J.S. Removal of Causes ¡ì¡ì 67¨C70.]