1. The benefits that one person, esp. a spouse, is entitled to receive from another, including companionship, cooperation, affection, aid, financial support, and (between spouses) sexual relations (a claim for loss of consortium). See LOSS OF CONSORTIUM; CONJUGAL RIGHTS .
filial consortium (fil-ee-[schwa]l). A child’s society, affection, and companionship given to a parent. [Cases: Parent and Child
7. C.J.S. Parent and Child ¡ì 329.]
parental consortium. A parent’s society, affection, and companionship given to a child. [Cases: Parent and Child
spousal consortium. A spouse’s society, affection, and companionship given to the other spouse. [Cases: Husband and Wife 209(3, 4).]
2. Hist. The services of a wife or daughter, the loss of which gives rise to a cause of action. ? A husband could, for example, bring an action against a person who had injured his wife, ¡°whereby he lost the help or companionship (of his wife)¡± (per quod consortium amisit).
3. A group of companies that join or associate in an enterprise (several high-tech businesses formed a consortium to create a new supercomputer).
4. Roman law. A community of undivided goods existing among coheirs after the death of the head of their family (paterfamilias). Pl. consor-tiums, consortia.
How would a bilingual lawyer translate the term CONSORTIUM into Chinese?