coemptio (koh-emp-shee-oh), n. [Latin] Roman law. A form of civil marriage in which the husband ¡°purchased¡± from a woman’s father ¡ª by fictitious sale ¡ª the right to exercise marital power (manus) over the woman. ? The father conveyed his daughter to her husband through the technical procedure of a sale of res mancipi. The im-aginary sale took place in the presence of five adult Roman citizens and a balance-holder (libripens). The husband or fictitious purchaser was termed the coemptionator or coemptioner. The importance of coemptio as a method of civil marriage had faded by the end of the Republic period. Pl. coemptiones (koh-emp-shee-oh-neez). Cf. CONFARREATIO; USUS(3).
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