bad faith, n.

1. Dishonesty of belief or purpose (the lawyer filed the pleading in bad faith).

¡ª Also termed mala fides (mal-[schwa] fI-deez).

¡°A complete catalogue of types of bad faith is impossible, but the following types are among those which have been recognized in judicial decisions: evasion of the spirit of the bargain, lack of diligence and slacking off, willful rendering of imperfect performance, abuse of a power to specify terms, and interference with or failure to cooperate in the other party’s performance.¡± Restatement (Second) of Contracts ¡ì 205 cmt. d (1979).

2. Insurance. An insurance company’s unreasonable and unfounded (though not necessarily fraudulent) refusal to provide coverage in violation of the duties of good faith and fair dealing owed to an insured. ? Bad faith often involves an insurer’s failure to pay the insured’s claim or a claim brought by a third party.

3. Insurance. An insured’s claim against an insurance company for an unreasonable and unfounded refusal to provide coverage. Cf. GOOD FAITH. [Cases: Insurance 3335, 3379. C.J.S. Insurance ¡ì¡ì 1164, 1576¨C1577.] ¡ª bad-faith, adj.

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