ARTICLE I COURT

ARTICLE I COURT

Article I court.

1. See legislative court under COURT.

2. A type of federal legislative court that is not bound by the requirements of or protected under U.S. Const. art. III, ¡ì 2, and that performs functions similar to those of an administrative agency, such as issuing advisory opinions. U.S. Const. art. I, ¡ì

8. Cf. ARTICLE III COURT.

¡°Congress also has the power, within certain limits, to create what are called …Article I tribunals …. These Article I tribunals are really akin to administrative agencies; that is, the ¡®judges’ do not have any constitutionally guar-anteed lifetime tenure and protection from salary diminution; they are not governed by the case or controversy limitation of Article III…. At the present time, Article I courts include territorial courts, certain courts in the District of Columbia, courts martial, and legislative courts and administrative agencies that adjudicate ¡®public rights.¡¯ ¡± John E. Nowak & Ronald D. Rotunda, Constitutional Law 22¨C23 (4th ed. 1991).


TermBase Contributor
Carl, Chinese legal translator, specializes in translating legal documents pertaining to complex business disputes.